Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) also called herpesvirus infection. Herpesvirus infection caused by feline herpesvirus type-1 which causes disease in cats.FVR causes respiratory disease in cats as well as eye infection e.g conjunctivitis. Different factors can reactivate the virus e.g stress and illness. This virus can also cause keratitis. To prevent this infection the vaccines given to cats. Although these vaccines couldn’t prevent the disease completely. When a cat is exposed to this virus, the vaccine can help to reduce the severity of the infection. The vaccine will also try to shorten the span of illness. For more information related to feline viral rhinotracheitis, keep reading here at PetVet.
Feline viral rhinotracheitis
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis is an infectious disease that is caused by feline herpesvirus type-1. This virus causes disease in cats of all ages as well as affect both domestic and wild cats. This virus targets the respiratory tract and eyes. Usually, the upper respiratory tract is infection and conjunctivitis as well as keratitis is common.
Viral diseases are life-threatening not only in cats but also in other pets e.g dogs. Just like feline viral rhinotracheitis, there are some viral diseases that cause cancer in dogs.
Transmission of feline viral rhinotracheitis
The virus of feline viral rhinotracheitis spread via different routes e.g saliva, tears, or nasal discharge. The cat becomes infected due to direct contact with these virus particles. When a cat comes in contact with an infected cat the virus transfers from that infected cat to a healthy cat. Sometimes the cat comes in contact with inanimate objects due to which the virus also transfers to a healthy cat. Inanimate objects e.g food, water dishes or clothing that are contaminated with viral particles.
The incubation period of feline viral rhinotracheitis is usually 2 to 5 days. The incubation period is the time during which the virus enters the body and symptoms started to appear. During this time period, the infected cat can also attack other cats. That’s why this could be dangerous because the virus can spread to other cats. After the incubation period, the disease or infection usually lasts for about 10 to 20 days. Once a cat becomes infected with this virus then he or she will become a carrier of the virus. Sometimes the carriers will become latent that means virus survive in an inactive form. The infected virus can become infected in certain conditions e.g stress or in illness. After the reactivation of the virus usually, the cat suffers from respiratory infections.
For how long the virus stays in the environment?
The virus of feline viral rhinotracheitis transmits through saliva or by any other route. That virus contaminates the environment. The virus stays in the environment as long as the material remains moist. But luckily, the virus dies as the secretions dry up. The viral particles usually attach to the skin and spread via hands. But different viral particles remain infective for about half an hour. Whereas, the contaminated items for example water bowls, blankets, cleaning cloths, and cat toys will be infected. These items remain infective as long as the secretions stay moist. As described previously the secretions will dry up within hours with the passage of time. At that time the virus will be ineffective
How to kill the virus?
In order to kill the virus of feline viral rhinotracheitis, disinfectants are usually used. The disinfectant contacts the contaminated surfaces. The commonly used disinfectant is a bleach solution. All the objects that are contaminated should be socked in this bleach solution. The contaminated objects should remain in solution for about 5 minutes. Toys can also be disinfected by the virus of feline viral rhinotracheitis by using detergent. All those objects that cannot be disinfected should be socked in the solution. Because these objects can be contaminated after washing with plenty of water and soap.
But in some cases, furniture can be a source of virus transmission. We touch cats while playing that’s why our and should be sanitized. This will help to stop the spread of this virus. Because we usually touch other things in our surroundings with our hands. We should clean our fingernails with a nail brush. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is usually used for such purposes. This is how we can kill the feline virus.
Clinical signs of feline viral rhinotracheitis
3.Excessive blinking of eyes
4.Discharges from the eyes and nose(watery to thick and purulent containing yellow/green pus)
5.Keratitis that may lead to keratoconjunctivitis
There is no such cure for feline viral rhinotracheitis. The main aim of the treatment is to lessen the frequency of feline viral rhinotracheitis. In short, the main aim is to minimize the risk of infection. After management, the cat’s health usually gets better. Furthermore, diet and a pleasant environment will help to reduce the stress level. In addition, vaccination can be the best weapon to fight against the disease.
Try to protect your cat from other infected cats. This will help to reduce the risk of infection. You should also adopt a good hygienic environment. Always wash out your hands after touching other cats this will also stop the spread of the disease to healthy cats.
Feline viral rhinotracheitis cannot be prevented completely by using vaccines. But the life span of the disease can be shortened by using vaccines. This virus attacks the immune system that’s why immunity is compromised. For that purpose, the high dose vaccines are used. These vaccines should be administered on a regular basis. Therefore, your veterinarian can suggest vaccines for your cat to prevent this viral infection.
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