Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease of cats. It is caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmosis can affect animals as well as humans. The total life cycle of parasite completed in cats. Toxoplasmosis has acute as well as chronic form. But the chronic has no clinical symptoms whereas the acute form appears with symptoms. For more information related to toxoplasmosis in cats keep reading here at PetVet.
Toxoplasmosis is one of the famous cat’s diseases. It not only cause disease in cats but also to humans. Especially, the warm-blooded animals and humans. But among all warm-blooded the primary living hosts are cats. The parasite travel from the feces into the environment. The raw meat is also a source of causing infection to humans. The parasite causing disease usually completes its life cycle in cats. Toxoplasmosis can be acute as well as chronic.
Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats
The common symptoms of toxoplasmosis are as follows fever, depression, loss of weight, dyspnea, gait problems, diarrhea, muscular weakness vomiting, corneal inflammation, tonsillitis, retinal inflammation, tremors, uveitis, etc
The symptoms of toxoplasmosis are more severe when the cat is in the womb. These cats die before birth or before weaning. But if the kittens survive they usually undergo complications such as fever, difficulty in breathing, and appetite loss, etc.
For diagnosis the complete history of cat health is important. History about the onset and symptoms is required. To evaluate physical examination by the veterinarian will give a complete insight into the disease. Different laboratory tests required for the diagnosis of the toxoplasmosis in cats that includes CBC, urinalysis and biochemistry profile. The cats with toxoplasmosis usually show a decrease in white blood cells, a decrease in neutrophils and lymphocytes count.
The biochemistry profile tells about the abnormally increase in liver enzymes such as ALT and AST. In addition, albumin levels decreased in a few cases. Increase protein level and jaundice also indicate toxoplasmosis in cats. The infected cat sheds parasite eggs in their feces.
Treatment of toxoplasmosis in cats
The medicine of choice for toxoplasmosis in cats is clindamycin. It is sometimes used in combination with corticosteroids when there is inflammation of eyes and CNS. The treatment starts after the complete the diagnosis. Treatments last as long as the signs disappeared. The treatment usually continues for several days. In acute conditions high IgM antibody.
Cats suffer from viral diseases such as Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis affects cat health badly. This viral disease in cats can be treatable.
The prognosis relies on the part affected due to disease. In some cases, cats respond slowly to the environment due to having a central nervous system or eye problems. The prognosis is usually poor mostly affected with liver or lung disease.
Reduction of exposure to infected oocysts and shedding of these oocysts in the environment. The best diet for cats will be cooed food.
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